Navigate to your Stripe dashboard, then go to your transfer tab. The changes will take effect for all new transfers almost immediately.
Note: If you change your bank account or identification number (eg. Social Security Number), the account status will change to Pending. You will still be able to accept/“capture” payments, but will not receive deposits until the updates are processed, typically 1-2 days after the change is submitted.
Changes made to other Stripe account information will not impact your payout schedule.